Cathedral Cloister

The 14th-century cloister is a major highlight of Gloucester Cathedral. Its fan vaults are the oldest and finest in Europe, and the galleries enclose a peaceful garden. The cloister portrayed Hogwarts School in the filming of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
547343
Names
Cathedral Cloister
Coordinates
51.8678940° N, 2.2467820° W
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Listed on
Grade I listed building
listed building (England)

Location Map

Aerial view of Cathedral Cloister
Location map of Cathedral Cloister. Click image for a larger, interactive view.

Aerial View

Aerial view of Cathedral Cloister
Aerial view of Cathedral Cloister. Click image for a larger, interactive view.

Timeline

23 Jan 1952

Cathedral Cloister and Lavatorium designated a Grade I listed building

National Heritage List for England Data

Cathedral Cloister is listed on the National Heritage List for England with the following data. Some information may have become outdated since the date of listing. Text courtesy of Historic England. © Crown Copyright, reprinted under the Open Government License.

List Entry ID
1245954
Grade
I
Name
CATHEDRAL CLOISTER AND LAVATORIUM
Location
CATHEDRAL CLOISTER AND LAVATORIUM, CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS
Parish
Non Civil Parish
District
Gloucester
County
Gloucestershire
Grid Reference
SO8310418842

GLOUCESTER

SO8318NW CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS 844-1/8/43 Cathedral Cloister and Lavatorium 23/01/52 (Formerly Listed as: CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS Cathedral Church of the Holy and Indivisible Trinity)

GV I

Cloister on the north side of the nave of the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity (qv); until 1538 the great cloister of the Benedictine Abbey of St Peter. Six bays of the east alley from the transept of the Cathedral Church to the door of the Chapter House (qv) built c1360, probably by Thomas of Cambridge, master-mason, for Abbot Horton, and notable as the earliest recorded use of fan vaulting in England; the other alleys built 1381-1412 to the same general design, but with slightly different details, by Robert Lesyngham, master-mason; restored in C19 and C20. MATERIALS: ashlar, lead roofs; roof timbers above the south alley replaced c1960 by pre-stressed concrete construction. PLAN: a large, square garth with a cloister alley on each side, each of ten bays between corner bays; the lavatorium in the cloister projects into the garth at the west end of the north alley (bays 2-5). EXTERIOR: the garth wall of the east alley of nine bays with a narrower tenth bay at the south end, the bays defined by mostly narrow but also several wider buttresses, all in two stages, with lower raking offsets and thin strip buttresses above which offset under a continuous, crowning, moulded string course with coped parapet; at the bases of the lower offsets to the buttresses a moulded string course which continues across the face of the window in each bay as a boldly projecting transom designed to throw off rainwater; in each of the nine full-width bays a large eight-light, arched window with a central super-mullion supporting two major arches which divide the tracery pattern of intersecting ogee arches to the lights at springing level and foiled panels above, the narrow tenth bay at the south end of six-lights with similar tracery...

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Bibliography

  1. “CATHEDRAL CLOISTER AND LAVATORIUM.” The National Heritage List for England. Web. Accessed 8 Oct. 2013. <https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1245954>